News

Cooperation for Promotion of Public-Private Partnership (PPP)

I. Background

ASEAN has drawn much attention from all over the world due to its very rapid and strong economic growth. This region is expected to increase its position as a global economic center. While ASEAN enjoys economic growth, it faces increasingly great demands on its transport infrastructure. Needless to say, the transport infrastructure is a basic requirement in developing steady economic growth. The flow of flights and passengers amounts to economic activity.

Recently, the private sector has emerged as a player in building and operating transport infrastructure. One of the reasons for this is because the public sector does not have affluent financing required to meet increasing transport infrastructure demands.

In light of this, Public-Private Partnership (PPP) are garnering interest in the transport sector. However, PPP are quite a new emerging policy scheme in the transport sector of ASEAN. Although some governments have already introduced PPP into transport projects, these are not many cases. It is necessary for transport officials to have adequate information about PPP to ensure success and reduce risks.

 

II. Objectives

This project has two objectives.

One is to strengthen the understanding of PPP as a new policy scheme in ASEAN.

The other is to pave the way to realizing PPP Projects that can be promoted in cooperation with Japan.

 

III. Areas of Cooperation

Areas of Cooperation will include human resource development and study related to PPP in the following modes of transport, including existing projects implemented under the AJTP (each activity of existing projects implemented under the AJTP should be decided by their own procedures).

(1) Land Transport

(2) Maritime Transport

(3) Air Transport

(4) Transport Facilitation

         

IV. Framework for Cooperation

Ways of cooperation on PPP in the Transport Sector are envisaged as follows:

(1) Compilation of Good Practices

To promote the understanding of PPP and to improve the investment environment for PPP projects, many PPP cases will be collected in ASEAN Member states and Japan and success factors in these cases will be analyzed. Good Practices will be compiled based on these factors.

(2) Training Courses

To cultivate the understanding of PPP, human resource development for transport officials will be conducted. In particular, lessons on PPP should be incorporated into the curriculum for ASEAN transport officials.

(3) Study

An initial study to seek out possibilities for cooperation with the Japanese side and to sketch a financing scheme will be conducted in order to promote PPP projects in ASEAN with Japanese technology and experience.

 

V. Timeline

The timeline for this cooperation is as follows:

(1) Compilation of Good Practices

2014: Some experiences, information and know-how on PPP will be collected.

     2015: Success factors will be analyzed from collected cases.

The Compilation of Good Practices will be drafted and submitted to STOM+J/ATM+J.

(2) Training Courses

     2014-2015: Lessons on PPP will be conducted in the Transport Officials Training Course and relevant JICA Training Courses.

(3) Study

     2014-2015: One or two studies will be conducted during this period.

 

VI. Operationalization

(1) Specific ways of implementation will be promoted regionally or bilaterally between AMSs and Japan.

(2) The progress status of the specific ways being implemented will be regularly reported by Japan to the relevant ASEAN Working Group Meeting(s) and/or the ASEAN-Japan STOM Leaders Conference as well as the ASEAN-Japan Senior Transport Officials Meeting (STOM+J).

(3) In the implementation of specific ways, ASEAN and Japan should share information to avoid any overlapping with other projects.

 

 

Asessment of AJTP 24 Projects

                               
  APPENDIX II  Asessment of AJTP 24 Projects    
                               
  No. Projects Policy Pillars Working Group Progress / Achievements Assessment / New Pillars    
Logistics Safety &
Security
Environment Common
Infrastructure
LTWG ATWG MTWG TFWG    
  1 ASEAN-Japan Logistics Project
[Endorse:  2003]
X             X *
*
*

*

*
>
>
2002-2004:  Conduct logistics condition survey in ASEAN countries
2005:  "ASEAN-Japan Tranposrt Logistics Improvement Plan" was adopted at 3rd ATM+J.
2006-2008:  Capacity building (including seminars and workshops) was implemented ten times in eight ASEAN countries.
2007:  "the Guideline for ASEAN-Japan Transport Logistics Capacity Building (AJ-TLCB)" was endorsed at 5th ATM+J.
2009-2012:  Policy dialogues and Workshops were held ten times in eight ASEAN countries.
2013:  Policy dialogues/Workshops will be held in Indonesia and Thailand
Expert Group Meeting on Logistics would be the platform for the implementation of ASEAN Green Logistics Projects.

[Progress:  Ongoing]

[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  2 Support of Sub-Regional Logistics Training Center Project
[Endorse:  2008]
X             X *

*
Development of ASEAN Sub-Regional Logistics Training Center in Viet Nam Maritime University, utilizing Japan-ASEAN Integrated Fund (JAIF)
The center was successfully constructed and opend in March, 2013.

[Progress:  Completed]
[Evaluation:  Carry on into "ASEAN-Japan Logistics Partnership"]    
  3 Support of “Roadmap towards an Integrated and Competitive Maritime Transport in ASEAN"
(Port Development Research)
[Endorse:  2008]
[Schedule:  2009 ~ 2010]
X           X   *
*

>
2009-2010:  Investigation of ASEAN Ports and Selection of 17 priority ASEAN Network Ports
2011:  "17 Priority ASEAN Network Ports" was approved at 21st ASEAN Maritime Transport Working Group Meeting (MTWG).
MTWG and Japan will continue to follow progress of the projects.

[Progress:  Ongoing]

             
   
 
     
 
     
 
     
 
     
 
     
[Evaluation:  Continue]
   
  4 ASEAN-Japan Logistics Partnership
[Endorse:  2011]
[Schedule:  2012 ~ 2015]
X       X X X X
*
*

>


*


*



*
*
>
>
<RORO>
2012-2013:  JICA conducted F/S and final report was approved at the 25th MTWG.
As specified in the final report, there are some challenges on Incentives to ship operation, Mutual recognition of relevant regulations such as CIQS and driver licences etc.
MTWG will continue to follow progress of each countries.

<Port EDI>
See No.5 "ASEAN-Japan Port Technology Joint Research Project"

<Palletization>
2011-2012:  To facilitate the Palletization, Policy dialogues/Workships were held in Cambodia and Myanmar (2011), and Lao PDR and the Philippines (2012).

<HRD on Logistics>
2011:  Initial survey for model study
2012:  Model Studies for Promotion of Logistics HRD were implemented in Myanmar and Vietnam.
Instruction contents/method should be improved based on the needs.
In future, Workshops in Mekong area will be conducted in "ASEAN Sub-Regional Logistics Training Center" in Hai Phong.

[Progress:  Ongoing]


[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  5 ASEAN-Japan Port Technology Joint Research Project
[Endorse:  2003]
X X         X   *

*

*
>
2004- :  "Tsunami Hazard Map Manual" and "Maintenance and Management Guideline" were developped.
2011- :  Support to introduce Port EDI has been implemented under "ASEAN-Japan Lpgistics Partnership" project.
2013:  Expert Group Meeting was held in Yangon and developled first draft of Port EDI Guideline.
2014:  Expert Group Meeting will be held in Indonesia to complete the guideline.

[Progress:  Ongoing]


[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  6 ASEAN-Japan Seafarers Policy Cooperation
[Endorse:  2003]
  X         X   *
*
*

*
2003:  "ASEAN-Japan Seaferers Policy Cooperation" was endorsed under AJTP at 1st ATM+J.
2008:  "ASEAN-Japan Seafarers Training Cooperative Program" was endorsed at 6th ATM+J.
2009-2012:  Japan-Philippine Tripartite Meetings were held for improving capacities of Philippine seafarers under ASEAN-Japan Seaferers Policy Forum.
2012-present: 
* On-board trainings and training programs at National Institute for Sea Training and Maritime Technical College in Japan were conducted for the Philippines, Indonesia, Viet Nam and Myanmar.

[Progress:  Ongoing]
[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  7 ASEAN-Japan Maritime Transport Security Program
[Endorse:  2003]

  Regional Action Plan on Port Security (RAPPS)
  [Endorse:  2007]
  [Schedule:  2008 ~ 2012]

  New RAPPS
  [Endorse:  2012]
  [Schedule:  2013 ~ 2017]
  X         X   * Following four step initiatives are implementing after coming into effect the revision of International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea in 2004.
(1) Adjustment of the revision SOLAS convention (2003-2004)
  * Three seminars and two workshops were held
(2) Proper implementation of the revision SOLAS convention (2004-2006)
  * Five seminars and two workshops were held
(3) Improvement of the quality on port security measures (2007-2011)
  * 2007:  "ASEAN-Japan Regional Action Plan on Port Security (RAPPS)" was approved at 4th ATM+J.
  * Expert meetings (eight), joint exercises (four) and seminars (six) were held, and six manuals were produced.
(4) Effective human resource development (2012-present)
  * 2012:  "New Regional Action Plan on Port Security (New RAPPS)" was endorsed at 10th ATM+J.

[Progress:  Ongoing}


[Evaluation:  Continue]
   
  8 ASEAN-Japan Aviation Security Project
[Endorse:  2004]

  Regional Road Map for Aviation Security (RRMAS)
  [Endorse:  2007]
  [Schedule:  2008 ~ 2012]
  X       X     *
*

*

*

>
2004:  "ASEAN-Japan Aviation Security Project" was adopted at 2nd ATM+J.
2007:  "ASEAN-Japan Regional Road Map for Aviation Security (RRMAS)" was endorsed at 5th ATM+J.
2008-2012:  In addition to each country's activities, Expert Group Meetings and Workshops were held to develop each country's improvement plan.
2012/7:  6th ASEAN-Japan Aviation Security Experts Meeting agreed to continue the project from 2013 to 2017.
2013:  Revision of the project will be proposed at 11th ATM+J in Lap PDR.

[Progress:  Ongoing}


[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  9 ASEAN-Japan Road Transport Safety Project
[Endorse:  2004]
  X     X       *
>
2005/3:  ASEAN-Japan Road Transport Safety Expert Group Meeting was held.
This project will be involved in "Comprehensive Cooperation on Technology for Safe and Efficient Transport."

[Progress:  Ongoing]

[Evaluation:  Carry on into "Comprehensive Cooperation on Technology for Safe and Efficient Transport"]    
  10 Comprehensive Cooperation on Technology for Safe and Efficient Transport
[Endorse:  2012]
[Schedule:  2013 ~ 2015]
  X     X X X X *
*
*
2012/3:  Sea Transport Seminar between Indonesia and Japan was held in Jakarta.
2012/8:  Transport Technology Seminar between Myanmar and Japan was held in Yangon.
2012/11:  "Comprehensive Cooperation on Technilogy for Safe and Efficient Transport" was endorsed  at 10th ATM+J.

[Progress:  Ongoing]

       
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
     
[Evaluation:  Continue]
   
  11 Cooperation on Natural Disaster Prevention in the Transport Sector
[Endorse:  2012]
[Schedule:  2013 ~ 2015]
  X     X X X X *

*

*

*

>
2012/3:  ASEAN-JAPAN Ad-hoc Expert Meeting for Cooperation on Disaster Prevention in the Transport Sector was held in Tokyo and affirmed the usefulness of sharing experiences.
2012/11:  "Cooperation on Natural Disaster Prevention in the Transport Sector" was endorsed at 10th ATM+J.
2013/2:  1st Experts Group Meeting on Natural Disaster Prevention in the Transport Sector (Theme: Port and Harbour) was held.
2013/3:  ASEAN-Japan Seminar on Natural Disaster Prevention in Air Transport (for Viet Nam) was held in Tokyo.
2014:  2nd Experts Group Meeting on Natural Disaster Prevention in the Tranposrt Sector will be held under the theme of Air or Land Transport.

[Progress:  Ongoing]



[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  12 Project for Improvement and Harmonization of Safety Standards and Ship Inspection for Coastal Ships
[Endorse:  2012]
[Schedule:  2013 ~ 2015]

  X         X   *

>
2012:  "Project for Improvement and Harmonization of Safety Standards and Ship Inspection for Coastal Ships" was endorsed at 10th ATM+J.
2013-2014:  Feasivility Studies for Safety Control Measure and Navigation Area will be conducted in some model countries

[Progress:  Ongoing]
[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  13 ASEAN-Japan Intelligent Transport System Development
[Endorse:  2003]
[Schedule:  2003 ~ 2005]
  X X   X       *
*
*

*

*
>
2002:  1st ASEAN ITS Expert Group Meeting (Singapore)
2003:  2nd ASEN ITS Expert Group Meeting (Malaysia)
2003:  "ASEAN-Japan Intgelligent Transport System Development" was endorsed under AJTP at 1st ATM+J.
2005:  "Intelligent Transport System Policy Framework" was approved at 13th ASEAN Land Transport Working Group Meeting (LTWG).
2007:  ASEAN ITS Working Group Meeting (Singapore)
2012:  Singapore (as Lead Country) started to update and refresh "ITS Policy Framework."

[Progress:  Ongoing]

[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  14 ASEAN-Japan New Air Navigation System
[Endorse:  2003]
  X X     X     *
*
*

*

*
*
*
*
*
*
2003:  "ASEAN-Japan New Air Navigation System" was endorsed under AJTP at 1st ATM+J.
2004-present :  Expert Meetings were held.
2005/11:  "Common Action Plan for the ASEAN-Japan New Air Navigation System" was adopted at 3rd ATM+J.
2007/2:  "Recommendations for the ASEAN-Japan New Air Navigation System" was endorsed at 4th ATM+J.
2007:  Airman Training Forum
2008/10:  Training Program for New CNS/ATM System
2010/2:  ATS Training Symposium (Tokyo)
2010/3:  AIS Investigation (Indonesia), Flight Operation Design training (Tokyo)
2012-2014:  JICA RNAV Training Program
JICA Technical Cooperation Projects have been conducted in the Philippines (since 2009), Indonesia (since 2010), and Viet Nam, Lao PDR and Cambodia (since 2011).

[Progress:  Ongoing]



[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  15 Automobile Technical Cooperation Project on Safety and Environment
[Endorse:  2003]
[Schedule:  2010 ~ 2014]
  X X   X       *

*

*

*
2003:  "Automobile Technical Cooperation Project on Safety and Environment" was endorsed under AJTP at 1st ATM+J.
2010:  ASEAN-Japan Cooperative Program on Development of Technical Regulations and Establishment of a Type Approval System for Vehicles" was endorsed at 8th ATM+J.
2011:  9th ATM+J agreed to implement "Automobile Technical Cooperation Project on Safety and Environment."
Under this project, following programs/initiatives has been conducted.
(1) Public-Private Forums (Tokyo and Indonesia in 2011, Philippines in 2012)
(2) ACCSQ-APWG Workshop
(3) JICA Training Course (Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, the Philippines and Thailand)
(4) JASIC Asia Expert Meeting (Thailand, the Philippines, Viet Nam and Malaysia)
(5) Advanced Training Course (Indonesia, the Philippines and Viet Nam)
(6) Technical Assistance for Type Approval System (the Philippines, 2011-2012)
(7) Comprehensive Support Project utilizing JAIF (the Philippines (2013- ) and Viet Nam (under application))

[Progress:  Ongoing]



[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  16 Urban Public Transport Policy Framework
[Endorse:  2003]
    X   X       *

*
*
*
2003-2008:  Surveys on Urban Public Transport were conducted in Chiang Mai (Thailand), Batam (Indonesia), Siem Reap (Cambodia) and Yangon (Myanmar)
2009:  Survey on BRT was implemented.
2010:  Model Case Study for introduction of BRT was conducted in Vientiene (Lao PDR).
2012/1:  Public-Private Seminar on Public Transport was held in Vientiene.

[Progress:  Ongoing}
[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  17 ASEAN-Japan Alternative Fuel Project for Transport Sector
[Endorse:  2004]
    X   X       *
*
*
*
*
*
2003:  Investigation of Exhaust Emission Coefficient was implemented in Thailand.
2004:  "ASEAN-Japan Alternative Fuel Project for Transport Sector" was adopted at 2nd ATM+J.
2005:  Clean Dvelopment Mechanism (CDM) Follow-up Seminar was held in Bangkok
2005:  Investigation for formulating BRT project into CDM was conducted.
2009/10:  The CDM method was registrated by CDM Executive Borad.
Experiences on alternative fuel are shared in JICA Training Course conducted under AJ-APEIT.

[Progress:  Completed]

[Evaluation:  Carry on into "ASEAN-Japan Action Plan on Environment Improvement in the Transport Sector"]    
  18 ASEAN Railways Revival Plan
[Endorse:  2003]
    X   X       *
*
*

*

>
2003:  "ASEAN Railways Revival Plan" was endorsed under AJTP at 1st ATM+J.
2005/3:  Seminar was held in Viet Nam.
2005-2009:  Training courses on operation, maintenance and management of railway companay were held in Viet Nam.
2010-2012:  JICA Training programs on Urban Railway were held for Indonesia, Thailand and Viet Nam.
2013- :  Possible measures such as JICA training courses will be conducted, based on ASEAN needs.

[Progress:  Ongoing]

                   
     
 
     
 
     
 
     
 
     
 
     
 
     
 
   
[Evaluation:  Continue]
   
  19 ASEAN “Mega-Float” Promotion Project
[Endorse:  2003]
    X       X  
*
*
*


*

*


*
*
*
*
<Indonesia>
Seminars were held three times in Indonesia to promote Mega-Float as the coal stock & shipping base.
2011:  Ministry of Economic, Trade and Investment of Japan (METI) conducted F/S.
2012/3:  Government officials from Indonesia were invited (/came to Japan) to see and explain Mega-Float.
<Singapore>
Since January 2011, procurement conditions and baseline design has been considerd to use Mega-Float as the coal stock base.
2012/3:  Rarevant people such as Jurong Town Corporation (operating body) were invited (/ came to Japan) to see and explain Mega-Float.
<Viet Nam>
2011:  METI conducted F/S to promtote Mega-Float as the coal stock base.
2012/2:  Based on the F/S result, seminar was held in Viet Nam.
2012/5:  Vice Minister of Finance came to MLIT and had working meeting with relevants.
2012:10:  Government officials from Viet nam were invited (/came to Japan) to see and explain Mega-Float.

[Progress:  Ongoing}



[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  20 ASEAN-Japan Airport Study Project
[Endorse:  2004]
[Schedule:  2009 ~ 2018]
    X     X     *
*
*
*
*

*
*
>
2004:  "ASEAN-Japan Airport study Project" was adopted at ATM+J.
2006:  Questionaire Survey on environmental measures in ASEAN major airports was conducted.
2007-2008:  Eco-airport Workshops were held in Tokyo.
2008:  "ASEAN-Japan Eco-Airport Guideline" was endorsed at 6th ATM+J.
2009:  Questionaire Survey on introduction of environmental improvement facility in ASEAN major airports was conducted.
2009-2011:  JICA Training course on Eco-Airpot was conducted.
2012:  JICA Follow-up Seminar (Ha Noi, Ho Chi Minh)
2013:  Investigation for supporting midterm evaluation based on "Eco-Airport Guideline" is now in progress.  The results of this investigation will be reported to STOM+J.

[Progress:  Ongoing]

[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  21 ASEAN-Japan Action Plan on Environment Improvement in the Transport Sector
[Endorse:  2009]
[Schedule:  2009 ~ 2014]
    X   X X X X *
*

*
*

*
*
*

*
*

>
2008:  6th ATM+J welcomed Japan's new proposals, "Work of Environment Related New Activities."
2009:  "ASEAN-Japan Action Plan on Environemnt Improvement in the Transport Sector (AJ-APEIT)" was endorsed at 7th ATM+J.
2010:  "List of Measures and Ways of Implementation under the AJTP" was adopted at 8th ATM+J.
2010:  1st Expert Group Meeting was held in Viet Nam, and Seminars were implemented in the Philippines, Viet Nam, Cambodia and Myanmar.
2010:  Investigation of Vehicle Emission Coefficient was conducted in the Philippines.
2011:  9th ATM+J agreed to implement "Action Plan on Environment Improvement."
2012:  JICA Training Course was conducted supporting to develop National Improvement Plan of ASEAN Member States.
2012:  Expert Group Meeting was held in Bangkok
2012:  10th ATM+J welcomed the completion and launching of "Best Approaches Book on Environment in the Transport Sector."
2013:  JICA Training Course will be conducted supporting to implement NIP of ASEAN Member States.

[Progress:  Ongoing]

[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  22 ASEAN-Japan Cruise Promotion Program
[Endorse:  2003]
      X     X   *

*

>
2004/12:  Cruise Promotion Strategy Meeting was held in Tokyo and decided to upload "ASEAN-Japan Cruise Information" at ASEAN Center websites.
2006/2:  2nd Meeting and Pilot Project was conducted at Pacific Venus, and summerized "Cruise Promotion Strategy."
2013:  (..under discussion)

[Progress:  Ongoing]

[Evaluation:  Continue]
   
  23 Transport Policy Officials Training Program in Japan
[Endorse:  2003]
      X X X X X *
*


>
2003:  "Transport Policy Officials Training Program in Japan" was endorsed under AJTP at 1st ATM+J.
2003-present :  Training Programs for Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam have been conducted every year.  Theme are "Logistics," "Transport Passenger," "Safety and Security," "Environment," "Transport Statistics," etc.
2014:  Training Program on Public-Private Partnership will be held in Tokyo.

[Progress:  Ongoing}
[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  24 ASEAN-Japan Transport Information Platform Project
[Endorse:  2004]

      X X X X X *
*
*
*
*
*
>
>

>
2004:  "ASEAN-Japan Transport Information Platform Project" was adopted at 2nd ATM+J.
2004:  AJTP Website was established to share the transport-related statistics.
2004-present :  Expert Group Meetings were held to collect the statistics data every year.
2007-present :  Workshops were held for capacity building on statistics.
2009:  "Operational Guidelines of the ASEAN-Japan Transport Statistics Database" was endorsed at 7th ATM+J.
2011:  9th ATM+J welcomed "Opening of the AJTP Information Center to the Public."
Capacity building is still needed for self-governing maintenance and management of the website and transport statistics.
2013:  Publication on ASEAN-Japan Transport Statistics Database will be launched at the 11th ATM+J.

[Progress:  Ongoing}


[Evaluation:  Continue]    
  25 [New] Promotion of ASEAN-Japan Road Technology Exchange (tentative)
[Emdprse (plan):  2013]
        X                
  26 [New] ASEAN-Japan Cooperation to Promotion of Public-Private Partnership (tentative)
[Endorse (plan):  2013]
        X X X X          
                               
                               
                               
                               
                               
                               
                               

ASEAN-China- Chinese Leader's commitment

At the 16th ASEAN-China Summit held in Brunei, Premier Li Keqiang put forward a “2+7 cooperation framework” and emphasized the significant role of the ATM+China mechanism. With a view to jointly building the Maritime Silk Road of the 21st century, Premier Li announced that the first batch of 17 projects will be implemented with the China-ASEAN Maritime Cooperation Fund, including five in the transport sector, which are: Further Improvement of the Navigation Channel of Lancang-Mekong River; China-ASEAN Maritime Emergency Rescue Hotline; China-ASEAN Joint Maritime Search and Rescue Table and Operational Exercises; China-ASEAN Port Cities Cooperation Network;

Speech at 12th ATM+China

He highlighted the need to make proper use of the ATM+China  mechanism and produce the best results of China-ASEAN collaborative funds in order to support the following undertakings: i) to boost activities under such mechanism as the Greater Mekong Sub-Region, the Pan-Beibu Gulf Economic Cooperation and the BIMP-EAGA; ii) to expedite infrastructure construction for connectivity, including launching the flagship project of the Singapore-Kunming Rail Link at an early date; iii) jointly build the Maritime Silk Road of the 21st century and implement the first group of 17 projects financed by the China-ASEAN Maritime Cooperation Fund, including Further Improvement of the Navigation Channel of Lancang-Mekong River; China-ASEAN Maritime Emergency Rescue Hotline; China-ASEAN Joint Maritime Search and Rescue Table and Operational Exercises; China-ASEAN Port Cities Cooperation Network; and a multilateral, multi-task joint maritime drill during next year’s East Asia summits. He believed that abundant achievements in ASEAN-China collaboration imply a great potential and promising outlook for ASEAN-China future cooperation.

 

Additional information